Having existed for 20 million years, the … It is seen as an anticonstitutional sect and a new version of political extremism and because there is "evidence for intentions against the free democratic basic order" it is observed by the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution. Scientology is a set of beliefs and practices invented by American author L. Ron Hubbard, and the subsequent movement which has … [476] Accordingly, members are required to make donations for study courses and auditing as they move up the Bridge, the amounts increasing as higher levels are reached. The Thetans then clustered together, stuck to the bodies of the living, and continue to do this today. Scientology is designed to get you alone from your family where you are vulnerable and easy to exploit. Blind belief is held to be of lesser significance than the practical application of Scientologist methods. Hubbard, L Ron. [442], The general orientation of Hubbard's philosophy owes much to Will Durant, author of the popular 1926 classic The Story of Philosophy; Dianetics is dedicated to Durant. "[423], The material contained in the OT levels has been characterized as bad science fiction by critics, while others claim it bears structural similarities to gnostic thought and ancient Hindu beliefs of creation and cosmic struggle. It's a mix of things unlike any other religious group out there. [45] According to his later teachings, during this time Hubbard made scientific "breakthroughs" by use of "endocrine experiments". [85], Dianetics is different from Scientology in that Scientology is a religion while Dianetics is not. Scientology began to focus on these issues in the early 1970s, led by Hubbard. Aaron says one staff member used a coat hanger and self-aborted her child for fear of punishment," said Senator Xenophon. [68] The stated intent is to free individuals of the influence of past traumas by systematic exposure and removal of the engrams (painful memories) these events have left behind, a process called clearing. : The Church of Scientology takes up a new weapon – the Digital Millennium Copyright Act – in its ongoing battle with critics", "Former Scientology film crew member describes surveillance activities in Ingleside on the Bay", "In new year's message, Scientology insider blasts 'extreme' fundraising", "Does Scientology have a concept of God? [464], The word Scientology, as coined by L. Ron Hubbard, is a derivation from the Latin word scientia ("knowledge", "skill"), which comes from the verb scīre ("to know"), with the suffix -ology, from the Greek λόγος lógos ("word" or "account [of]"). [25] In 1969, The Church of Scientology admitted to Hubbard's involvement with Parsons while claiming that Hubbard, a US Navy Officer, was "sent in to handle the situation". Church of Scientology International v. Time Warner, Inc., et al. [429] The scholar Marco Frenschkowski (University of Mainz) has stated that it was not easy for Hubbard "to come to terms with the spiritual side of his own movement. Hubbard, "The Anatomy Of Thought". [313] As a result of the litigation, this material, normally strictly safeguarded and used only in Scientology's more advanced "OT levels", found its way onto the Internet. [98], In December 1953, Hubbard incorporated three Church of Scientology organizations – a "Church of American Science", a "Church of Scientology" and a "Church of Spiritual Engineering" – in Camden, New Jersey. . [463] He also wrote: Hypnotism plants, by positive suggestion, one or another form of insanity. [206][207][208], The highest ranking people in the Scientology hierarchy are the members of the Sea Organization, or Sea Org. [99] Scientology literature states that L. Ron Hubbard expertise in hypnosis led to the discovery of the Dianetic engram. In "Operation Freakout", agents of the organization attempted to destroy Paulette Cooper, author of The Scandal of Scientology, an early book that had been critical of the movement. [125], The Advanced Ability Center was established by Hubbard's personal auditor David Mayo after February 1983 – a time when some of Scientology's upper and middle management split with Miscavige's organization. According to him it makes the best decisions based on available data. This involved infiltrating, wiretapping, and stealing documents from the offices of Federal attorneys and the Internal Revenue Service. | Scientology's views on the evils of materialism", "Scientology loss keeps hyperlinks legal", "A Place in the Desert for New Mexico's Most Exclusive Circles", "In Pasadena, a Model for Scientology's Growth Plan", "Scientologists: How Many Of Them Are There, Anyway? [107], In 1966, Hubbard purportedly stepped down as executive director of Scientology to devote himself to research and writing. Goldberg's response was quite out of the ordinary: he created a special working group to resolve the dispute, bypassing the agency's exempt organizations division. Hubbard initially developed a set of ideas which he represented as a form of therapy, called Dianetics. Hubbard lived there for the next seven years. Urban, Hugh B.: The Church of Scientology: A History of a New Religion [103] The original suit by the FDA to condemn the literature and E-meters did not succeed,[104] but the court ordered the organization to label every meter with a disclaimer that it is purely religious artifact,[105] to post a $20,000 bond of compliance, and to pay the FDA's legal expenses. [38], The Church of Scientology argues that Scientology is a genuine religious movement that has been misrepresented, maligned, and persecuted. [86] "According to Hugh B. In 1952, Hubbard published a book (What to Audit / A History of Man[439]) on space opera and other material that may be encountered when auditing preclears. [410], In November 2009, Australian Senator Nick Xenophon used a speech in Federal Parliament to allege that the Church of Scientology is a criminal organization. Your information will never be sold or otherwise given to a third party. [225] The Celebrity Centre International was the first one that was opened in 1969 and its opening is celebrated the first week of August each year in an evening gala. [62][78] Dianetics soon faced criticism. Accounts of the Volunteer Ministers' effectiveness have been mixed, and touch assists are not supported by scientific evidence.[232][233][234]. [133] The core of Scientology teaching lies in the belief that "each human has a reactive mind that responds to life's traumas, clouding the analytic mind and keeping us from experiencing reality." [440][441], According to David G. Bromley, Scientology is "part therapy, part religion, part UFO group. Hubbard spent three semesters at George Washington University (in Washington, D.C.), but was placed on probation in September 1931. [51][better source needed], In August 1945, Hubbard moved into the Pasadena mansion of John "Jack" Whiteside Parsons, an avid occultist and Thelemite, follower of the English ceremonial magician Aleister Crowley and leader of a lodge of Crowley's magical order, Ordo Templi Orientis (OTO). Joseph Cheesman Thompson, a U.S. Navy officer who had studied with Freud[448] and when writing to the American Psychological Association in 1949, he stated that he was conducting research based on the "early work of Freud". [141] The universe has no independent reality but derives its apparent reality from the fact that Thetans agree it exists. [43], On June 28, 1943, Hubbard ordered his crew to fire on the Coronado Islands. [408] While introductory courses do not cost much, courses at the higher levels may cost several thousand dollars each. Scientology is a religion in its highest meaning, as it helps bring Man to total freedom and truth. In addition, the group maintains fully-furnished homes in multiple locations intended to eventually accommodate the reincarnated L. Ron Hubbard. The paywalls never end. [288][289] Former Sea Org member Karen Pressley recounted that she was often asked by fellow Scientologists for loans so that they could get an abortion and remain in the Sea Org. After explaining these beliefs, the character representing the Church of Scientology's president ultimately reveals to Stan that the organization is in reality a money-making scam. [197][387], In conjunction with the Church of Scientology's request to be officially recognized as a religion in Germany, around 1996 the German state Baden-Württemberg conducted a thorough investigation of the group's activities within Germany. [66][67] Hubbard variously defined Dianetics as a spiritual healing technology and an organized science of thought. He failed to return for the fall 1932 semester. [281][282][283] Failure to disconnect from a Suppressive Person is itself labeled a Suppressive act. [469] It is unknown whether Hubbard was aware of either prior usage of the word. [244][245] A considerable amount of investigation has been aimed at the organization, by groups ranging from the media to governmental agencies.[244][245]. [468] In 1934, philosopher Anastasius Nordenholz published Scientology: Science of the Constitution and Usefulness of Knowledge, which used the term to mean the science of science. 203–204. Developed by L. Ron Hubbard, Scientology is a religion that offers a precise path leading to a complete and certain understanding of one’s true spiritual nature and one’s relationship to self, family, groups, Mankind, all life forms, the material universe, the … [338][339] [407] On that basis, it is likened to a pyramid selling scheme. In an answer to what the worst "corrective action" she ever saw the church take was, Leah alleges that Scientology … Scientology is not a dogmatic religion in which one is asked to accept anything on faith alone. [161] This is where Scientologists receive introductory training, and it is at this local level that most Scientologists participate. Scientologists depend on the "appearance of objectivity or empirical validity" of the e-meter rather than simply trusting an auditor's abstract interpretation of a participant's statements. Scientology has had a long run of devil’s luck, other than perhaps just the Snow White episode, that has allowed them to more or less get away with imagining that they don’t have to be “reasonable” and deal with reality – and even often with dodging … He cut contact with everyone else, even his wife, whom he saw for the last time in August 1979. The Church of Scientology and its A-List supporters are not backing down so easily following a controversial lawsuit, a source exclusively reveals in the new issue of Us Weekly — details Morris Fishbein, the editor of the Journal of the American Medical Association and well known at the time as a debunker of quack medicine, dismissed Hubbard's book. [205][201] In 2011, high-level defector Jeff Hawkins estimated there were 40,000 Scientologists worldwide. 13 Much of the controversy surrounding Scientology stems from the criminal convictions of core members of the Scientology organization. The members have no clue. Alas, such secrets are hard to keep[438], Regardless of such statements by critics, Hubbard wrote and lectured openly about the material he himself called "space opera". 2468", "A Summary on Scientology for Scientists (1969)", "L. Ron Hubbard explains to a friend the real reason he wrote 'Dianetics' | The Underground Bunker", "The Creation of 'Religious' Scientology", The Road to Total Freedom: A Sociological Analysis of Scientology, "Adult New York Times Best Seller Lists for 1950", "Jon Atack: The games L. Ron Hubbard played", "The Creation of "Religious" Scientology", "The paranoid, depressed L. Ron Hubbard: Jim Dincalci's 1997 'Secret Lives' TV interview ' The Underground Bunker", "Religious Technology Center v. Freie Zone E. V", "Copyright – or wrong? [401], In Greece, Scientology is not recognized as a religion by the Greek government, and multiple applications for religious status have been denied, notably in 2000 and 2003. The Church supported the controversial Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act as well as the even more controversial Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA). [184][185] Scientology disconnection policy prohibits most contact with Suppressive Persons. Hubbard established the policy in the 1950s, in response to criticism both from within and outside his organization. and extortion. [56][57] The Scientology organization says that Hubbard's experience with hypnosis led him to create Dianetics. [299] He said that he had been told members of the organization had coerced pregnant female employees to have abortions. Many of Scientology's critics have also reported they were subject to threats and harassment in their private lives. Errors are made based on erroneous data and is not the error of the analytical mind. [147] This restores them to their natural condition as Thetans and enables them to be at cause in their daily lives, responding rationally and creatively to life events rather than reacting to them under the direction of stored engrams. [305] Scientology spokesperson Virginia Stewart likewise rejected the claims and asserted "The Church of Scientology considers the family unit and children to be of the utmost importance and does not condone nor force anyone to undertake any medical procedure whatsoever. The essential tenets of Scientology are these: The Scientology ship Freewinds offers OT VIII. "[418] Flinn further states that religion requires "beliefs in something transcendental or ultimate, practices (rites and codes of behavior) that re-inforce those beliefs and, a community that is sustained by both the beliefs and practices", all of which are present within Scientology. [12][13] Within a year, he regained the rights to Dianetics and retained both subjects under the umbrella of the Church of Scientology. [213], A 1990 article in the Los Angeles Times reported that in the 1980s the Church more commonly used private investigators, including former and current Los Angeles police officers, to give themselves a layer of protection in case embarrassing tactics were used and became public.[214]. Both schools of thought propose a "tripartite structure of the mind". [467], The term scientology had been used in published works at least twice before Hubbard. [181][209], The Rehabilitation Project Force (RPF) is a controversial part of the Scientology "justice" system. One such guarded teaching of Scientology is the role of Xenu in Scientology’s genesis story. These beliefs are based on written words by L. Ron Hubbard.A few other people have added, but almost all of it is his. In plain English, the purpose of Scientology ethics is to eliminate opponents, then eliminate people's interests in things other than Scientology. [271], Scientology has historically engaged in hostile action toward its critics; executives within the organization have proclaimed that Scientology is "not a turn-the-other-cheek religion". [136], Dianetic auditing is one way by which the Scientologist may progress toward the Clear state, winning gradual freedom from the reactive mind's engrams and acquiring certainty of his or her reality as a Thetan. [143] David V. Barrett, a sociologist of religion who has written widely about the subject, says that according to Scientology, the "first major goal is to go Clear." [372], Elsewhere, Scientology is recognized as a religion in Australia,[352][373] Portugal,[374] Spain,[375] Slovenia,[376] Sweden,[376][377][378] Croatia,[376] Hungary[376] and Kyrgyzstan. [141] Ordained Scientology ministers may perform such rites. Shrouded in secrecy, the Church of Scientology, which was founded in 1953 by American author L. Ron Hubbard, is one of the most controversial religions in the world.In the decades since its inception, the church has come under fire for its stance on psychiatry, its high costs, its alleged mistreatment of members, and, most basically, its legitimacy as a religion at all. [citation needed] Studies that address the topic of the origins of the work and its significance to Scientology as a whole include Peter Rowley's New Gods in America, Omar V. Garrison's The Hidden Story of Scientology, and Albert I. Berger's Towards a Science of the Nuclear Mind: Science-fiction Origins of Dianetics. [358] According to Religious Studies professor Mary Farrell Benarowski, Scientology describes itself as drawing on science, religion, psychology and philosophy but "had been claimed by none of them and repudiated, for the most part, by all". A decade later, Hubbard claimed in his Scientology lectures that he had sunk a Japanese submarine. [14][243][244][245][246] It has been one of the most litigious religious movements in history, filing countless lawsuits against governments, organizations and individuals. It was my baby, my body and my choice, and all of that was taken away from me by Scientology," said Lang. [78][110] One month after the establishment of the Sea Org, Hubbard announced that he had made a breakthrough discovery, the result of which were the "OT III" materials purporting to provide a method for overcoming factors inhibiting spiritual progress. In 1981, Scientology took the German government to court for the first time.[115]. Quoted in Miller, p. 213, Wollersheim v. Church of Scientology, 212 Cal. Some of the DMCA's provisions (notably the Online Copyright Infringement Liability Limitation Act) were heavily influenced by Church litigation against US Internet service providers over copyrighted Scientology materials that had been posted or uploaded through their servers. [161] Churches and Missions are licensed franchises; they may offer services for a fee provided they contribute a proportion of their income and comply with the Religious Technology Center (RTC) and its standards. Your information will only be used for the purpose of administering this personality test and evaluation. [308], Starting in 1991, Scientology filed fifty lawsuits against Scientology-critic Cult Awareness Network (CAN). Hubbard was said to be an accomplished hypnotist, and close acquaintances such as Forrest Ackerman (Hubbard's literary agent) and A. E. van Vogt (an early supporter of Dianetics) witnessed repeated demonstrations of his hypnotic skills. On May 18, 1943, his subchaser left Portland. 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