Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was the first Prime Minister of Nigeria before and after Nigerian independence from Great Britain in 1960. Last week I requested that a family member of the late Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa should reach out to me to set the records straight on their patriarch’s ethnic identity. The late Bauchi illustrious son lived a life worthy of emulation, he sacrificed his day to beautify our today and tomorrow. Originally a trained teacher, he became a vocal leader for Northern interest as one of the few educated Nigerians of his time. His father worked in the house of the district head of Lere, a district within the Bauchi Emirate. The famous Tafawa Balewa Square in Lagos was named after him as was the Federal University of Technology located in his hometown, Bauchi. Nevertheless, Tafawa Balewa often seemed limited in his own personal power, because as vice president of the NPC he was answerable theoretically to Sir Ahmadu Bello, premier of the Northern Region and president of the NPC. Originally a trained teacher, he became a vocal leader for Northern interest as one of the few educated Nigerians of his time. Unlike the majority of Northern Nigerian political leaders, he was of humble background, his father having been a client to a district head. Tafawa Balewa was a vocal leader, a trained teacher, and he was one of the most educated northerners during his lifetime. The Latest Motherboards Of 2020 -By Abdulrouf Wasiu, How 18-year old girl died in Yobe Presidential lodge -By Muhammad Sani isah, Why Entrepreneurship Lecturers Should Also Be Entrepreneurs -By Adisa Muhammed Oluwatosin, Will You Make It Count? Balewa’s father Yakubu Dan Zala was of Gere ethnicity, and … “Today is Independence Day. As a boy, he started his early education at the Koranic School in Bauchi and like most boys of his age, Balewa studied at the Barewa College for further education and subsequently acquired his teaching certificate. Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was a true patriot, an excellent orator and a politician of uncommon finesse. Abubakar Tafawa Balewa. The way to do this is to create understanding, mutual respect and trust, Unity is our greatest concern, and it is the duty of every one of us to work so that we may strengthen it. Abubakar Tafawa Ɓalewa, Wanda Ya Gabatar A Karon Farko A Matsayin Firaminista A Shekarar (1957). He is the face in the five naira note of the Nigerian currency. Although it is widely (incorrectly) presumed that he was Hausa, Balewa's father Yakubu Dan Zala was in fact of Bageri Baggara ethnicity, and his mother Fatima Inna was Fulani. Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, KBE(1) (December 1912 – January 15, 1966) was a Nigerian politician, and the only prime minister of an independent Nigeria. Okotie-Eboh was killed on January 15, 1966 alongside the prime minister, Tafawa Balewa, premier of the north, Sir Ahmadu Bello, premier of the west, Chief Samuel Ladoke Akintola and some senior military officers. He was also an international statesman, widely respected […] The Sardauna had no interest in living in the South. All Rights Reserved. Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was born in December 1912 in Tafawa Balewa village. Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was born in December 1922 and was killed on January 15, 1966. DAGA Bashir Abdullahi El-bash. Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was born in Tafawa Balewa, North East State, Nigeria. ABUBAKAR TAFAWA BALEWA YAKE CIKA SHEKARA 55 DA RASUWA. “I am convinced, and I want you also to be convinced, that the future of this vast country must depend, in the main, on the efforts of ourselves to help ourselves. A school teacher, politician. Below is the speech delivered by the Nigerian Prime Minister, Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, during the celebration of Nigeria’s independence on October 1 st 1960 at the Tafawa Balewa Square in Lagos. Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, KBE(1) (December 1912 – January 15, 1966) was a Nigerian politician, and the only prime minister of an independent Nigeria. Throughout the 1950s he participated with great skill in the discussions on constitutional reform which ultimately led to independence. Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was born in the village of Tafawa Balewa in the modern Bauchi area of northeastern Nigeria. He was born on December 1912 in Bauchi, the then Northern Nigeria in what is now known as Bauchi State, to Bageri Muslim, the then district head of the Bauchi divisional district of Lere. During World War II Tafawa Balewa had become interested in political activities. Abubakar Balewa was born late in 1912 in Bauchi, the son of a Bageri Muslim district head in the Bauchi divisional district of Lere. Biography. -By Edikan Ekanem, Travelogue: Flying to Lagos -By Muhammad Auwal Ibrahim. Even though, Balewa was only the deputy leader of the NPC, the NPC leader the Sardauna of Sokoto sent Balewa to Lagos to become the Federal Prime Minister in 1957. Tafawa Balewa was killed in a coup of 1966, though his death remained full of controversy. Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was born in 1912 in Bauchi State and educated at the Bauchi Provincial School and the Katsina Teachers Training College, He later joined the Northern Peoples' Congress, (NPC) and was a member of the Northern Nigeria team to the Ibadan Constitutional Conference in 1950. Balewa was no firebrand political radical. Born in December of 1912 in Bauchi in Northern Nigeria, Balewa’s father, Mallam Yakubu, was a minor official in the Native Authority, part of the British colonial administration. Going by record, Rt Hon. Website Designed & Managed by SETFRON LTD. A man of unusual authority and having gravitas of a statesman. Ga Jawabin Mai Girma Firaministan Nageriya Na Farko, Alhaji Sir. Abubakar proposed an amendment to Nigeria’s constitution to give due recognition to the nation building role played by then Governor-General Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe. During his lifetime he emphasized that Nigerians should forget all kind of tribalism, “I appeal to all my countrymen and women to cooperate with me and my colleagues to create a better understanding among our peoples, to establish mutual respect, and trust, among all our tribal groups, and to unite in working together for the common cause, the cause for which no sacrifice will be too great. Throughout his career Tafawa Balewa played a leading role in national policy making. Although the country’s Prime Minister, he was not the leader of his own party (the NPC) and thus remained in the paradoxical position of being a head of government that had to defer to, and take instructions from his boss (the Sardauna). He participated in numerous international development fora. The first Prime Minister was from Bauchi State. As a common tradition in Northern naming, his last two names are after his birth place in Bauchi. Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, KBE(1) (December 1912 â January 15, 1966) was a Nigerian politician, and the only prime minister of an independent Nigeria. He proposed that “Nnamdi Azikiwe shall be deemed to have been elected President and Commander in-Chief of the Armed Forces” because “Nigeria can never adequately reward Dr. Azikiwe” for the nationalist role he played in building Nigeria and achieving independence. Aminu Kano, Ahmadu Bello, Nnamdi Azikiwe, Obafemi Awolowo and others kept him moving. Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa (1912-1966) Victor Uraku July 12, 2020 African Facts, African News Leave a comment 84 Views Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was born in the village of Tafawa Balewa in the modern Bauchi area of northeastern Nigeria. The first Prime Minister was from Bauchi State. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. Their memories should be celebrated. Sir, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was the first and only Prime Minister of Nigeria. Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa (1912-1966) was born in Tafawa Balewa, present-day, Bauchi State. His corpse was taken to Ikeja Airport in the company of Police Commissioner Hamman Maiduguri, Inspector-General of Police Kam Selem, Maitama Sule and his wives Laraba and Jummai who accompanied it as it was flown to Bauchi where he was buried. As Prime Minister Balewa helped shape the early foreign policy of Nigeria. Learn how your comment data is processed. He remains Nigeria’s first and only Prime Minister. The Linked Data Service provides access to commonly found standards and vocabularies promulgated by the Library of Congress. Copyright © 2020 Opinion Nigeria. Rumours claimed the rebel soldiers were holding him alive and that he would be released as part of a prisoner swap involving the imprisoned Chief Awolowo. Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa giving a speech on Independence day. Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, KBE was a Nigerian politician, and the first prime minister of an independent Nigeria. Usman Abdullahi Koli, a student of Mass Communication Department, Abubakar Tatari Ali Polytechnic Bauchi Balewa, Abubakar Tafawa, Sir, 1912-1966 - LC Linked Data Service: Authorities and Vocabularies | Library of Congress. In 1957 he became the first prime minister of Nigeria, a position he held until his death. Unlike the majority of Northern Nigerian political leaders, he was of humble background, his father having been a client to a district head. Abubakar Balewa was born in Bauchi, the son of a Bageri Muslim district head in the Bauchi divisional district of Lere. Cikakken jawabin mai girma Firaministan Nageriya, Alhaji Sir. When Nigeria became independent in 1960, he became the newly independent country’s first Prime Minister and received the instruments of independence from Princess Alexandria (cousin of Queen Elizabeth II). His family and friends continued to believe he was alive. He was nicknamed as the “Golden Voice Of Africa” over his eloquence and oratorical prowess. Sir, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was the first and only Prime Minister of Nigeria. On no account should we allow the selfish ambitions of individuals to jeopardise the peace of the law-abiding people of Nigeria.”. Abubakar Balewa was the son of a district head in the Bauchi divisional district of Lere. Academics at Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi. After his graduation, he came back to Bauchi and took the role of a teacher and later the headmaster of Bauchi Middle school from 1933- 1944. Tafawa Balewa had very humble origins. However, these hopes were dashed when his decomposing corpse was found a few days later, dumped in a roadside bush. Let’s meet one of Nigeria’s heroes of independence. Commissioner ministry of culture and tourism. In 1951, in the North's first elections, Tafawa Balewa won seats in the Northern House of Assembly and in the House of Representatives in Lagos, where he became a minister in the Central Council. This we cannot do if we do not work together in unity. Originally a trained teacher, he became a vocal leader for Northern interest as one of the few educated Nigerians of his time. This includes data … In January 1966 a discontented segment of the army attempted a coup d'etat in which Tafawa Balewa was kidnaped and murdered. Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was born in December 1922 and was killed on January 15, 1966. History has begun to forget them. National Issues, Forgotten Dairies He marked the occasion with the address that follows. Providing relevant and high quality education, preparing individuals for work, leadership and meaningful life, through promotion of research, teaching, development and testing of ideas in order to advance understanding and quality of life. He was a "cool figure" who preoccupied himself with integration of Nigeria's over 250 ethnic groups as before and during his tenure. Abubakar Balewa was born late in 1912 in Bauchi, the son of a district head in the Bauchi divisional district of Lere. Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa (1912-1966) was the first prime minister of independent Nigeria, serving from 1957 to 1966. Sir Alhaji Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was born in December 1912 in the present day Tafawa Balewa LGA in southern Bauchi state to the family of Yakubu Dan Zala of the minority Gere ethnic group. The Right Honourable Gentleman said: “It is the duty of all of us to work for unity and encourage members of all our communities to live together in peace and harmony. Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa (1912-1966) was the first prime minister of independent Nigeria, serving from 1957 to 1966. He was born on December 1912 in Bauchi, the then Northern Nigeria in what is now known as Bauchi State, to Bageri Muslim, the then district head of the Bauchi divisional district of Lere. Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was born in 1912 in Bauchi, Nigeria. In Nigeria; Don't Tell People How To Run Their Businesses -By Udeze Daniel Jr. In 1946 Tafawa Balewa had been selected by the Bauchi Native Authority as their representative to the Northern House of Assembly, and the House of Assembly in turn selected him to become a member of the Nigerian Legislative Council. Indeed, unity today is our greatest concern, and it is the duty of everyone of us to work so that we may strengthen it.”. Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa (1912-1966) was the first prime minister of independent Nigeria, serving from 1957 to 1966. Did he know that Nigeria will be suffering from disunity? Tafawa Balewa: Remembering the Right Honourable Gentleman -By Usman Abdullahi Koli. From the Muslim North of Nigeria and considered a pro-British conservative, Balewa often clashed with Azikiwe. Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was born in Tafawa Balewa, North East State, Nigeria. Some observers have concluded that this relationship with Bello hindered Tafawa Balewa in handling the major crises which arose in the first years of Nigeria's independence. Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was born in December of 1912 in Bauchi of the present Bauchi State. He led his government in a vocal protest of the Sharpeville Massacre in South Africa and attempted unsuccessfully to persuade other British Commonwealth nations to expel South Africa because of its apartheid policies. Following Nigerian independence on October 1, 1960 Balewa continued in his post as Prime Minister of Nigeria in a power sharing arrangement with Nnamdi Azikiwe, the country’s first President. The name of his birthplace was appended to Abubakar’s name (Abubakar Tafawa Balewa). Tafawa Balewa was a vocal […] Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa (1912-1966) was the first prime minister of independent Nigeria, serving from 1957 to 1966. mernoukoli@gmail.com, In Reminiscence Of The IBB Years As Nigeria Military President -By Gozie Irogboli. Balewa helped found the Northern People’s Congress (NPC), which was originally intended as a cultural organisation but by 1951 morphed into a political party due to the need to present a Northern response to the rapid and sophisticated political groupings emerging in the south. The peoples of Nigeria must be united to enable this country to play a full part in shaping the destiny of mankind. He was also an international statesman, widely respected […] His last public act was to convene a Commonwealth Conference in Lagos to discuss action against the white supremacist unilateral declaration of independence by Rhodesia. Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was born in late 1912 in Tafawa Balewa, North East State, (Bauchi) Nigeria. A school teacher, politician. In 1950 in the Northern House of Assembly he had advocated fundamental reforms to the system of Native Authorities in the North, a proposal highly unpopular among many of the Northern leaders. Anxious not to be politically upstaged by the southerners, Northern leaders sought educated Northerners to serve in political posts. His image appears on the 5 Naira note. His father, Yakubu Dan Zala, was a slave who rose in service of the Madaki of Bauchi and became a district head. During his tenure as prime minister he also … Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was born in 1912 in Bauchi State and educated at the Bauchi Provincial School and the Katsina Teachers Training College, He later joined the Northern Peoples' Congress, (NPC) and was a member of the Northern Nigeria team to the Ibadan Constitutional Conference in 1950. In 1948 he was elected vice president of the Northern Teacher's Association, the first trade union in Northern Nigeria. Forgotten Dairies His father worked in the house of the district head of … Check your inbox now to confirm your subscription. In 1963, he gave a spellbinding eloquent speech at the Addis Ababa (Ethiopia) inaugural conference of the Organisation of African Unity. Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, (born 1912, Bauchi, Northern Nigeria—died January 1966, near Ifo, Nigeria), Nigerian politician, deputy leader of the Northern Peoples Congress (NPC), and the first federal prime minister (1957–66). He was born on October 1, 1912 in the village of Tafawa Balewa, in modern-day Bauchi State. Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa (1912-1966) was the first prime minister of independent Nigeria, serving from 1957 to 1966. In 1952 he became Nigerian minister of works and in 1954 minister of transport and the senior minister and leader of the NPC in the House of Representatives. Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was born in Tafawa Balewa, North East State, Nigeria. Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa’s earliest education was at a […] He was missing for several days and a search for him was ordered by the new military regime headed by Major-General Aguiyi-Ironsi. Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was the first Prime Minister of Nigeria before and after Nigerian independence from Great Britain in 1960.. Born in December of 1912 in Bauchi in Northern Nigeria, Balewa’s father, Mallam Yakubu, was a minor official in the Native Authority, part of the British colonial administration. He remains Nigeria's first and only Prime Minister. Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was born in Tafawa Balewa, North East State, Nigeria. It is sad that the younger generation find it unsurprised not to know the Right Honourable Gentleman. Although not overtly political, he founded an organisation named the “Bauchi Discussion Circle” in 1943, and was elected vice president of the Northern Teacher’s Association (the first trade union in Northern Nigeria) in 1948. Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa (1912-1966) was the first prime minister of independent Nigeria, serving from 1957 to 1966. The House of Assembly also selected him to become a member of the Nigerian Legislative Council. A commoner by birth, an unusual origin for a political leader in the NPC, Balewa was both a defender of northern special interests and an advocate of reform and Nigerian unity. As Prime Minister, he maintained a thoroughly dignified comportment. Abubakar Balewa was the son of a district head in the Bauchi divisional district of Lere. As prime minister, Tafawa Balewa developed a favorable reputation in international circles. Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, Prime Minister of Nigeria, became the first indigenous Chancellor of the University in November 1963. Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was the first prime minister of independent Nigeria. Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was born in Tafawa Balewa, North East State, Nigeria. A school teacher, politician. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Kabarin Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa. Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was born in December 1922 and was killed on January 15, 1966. He served from 1957 to 1966. In 1949 he helped organize the Northern People's Congress (NPC), originally conceived as a cultural organization but by 1951 a political party. In 1943 he founded the Bauchi Discussion Circle, an organization interested in political reform. Balewa’s father Yakubu Dan Zala was of Gere ethnicity, and … His body now lies inside a tomb declared a national monument. He lived without tribalism, nepotism, religious bias and showed love to his subjects and the entire nation. He trained as a teacher, and was a respected member of the elite of the northern region of Nigeria after the end of World War II. On a day like this fifteen years ago this University was founded in modest surroundings. He gained several awards from the British: OBE in 1952, CBE in 1955, Knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in January 1960 and was awarded an honorary degree by the University of Sheffield in May 1960. The Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, ATBU, Bauchi was established in 1980 as the Federal University of Technology (FUT), Bauchi, located in the North Eastern part of the Nigeria with Dr. Jerome Udoji and Professor A. O. Adekola as the pioneer Pro-Chancellor and Vice-Chancellor respectively, while Alh. The tomb includes a library and a mosque. Balewa also was one of the African leaders who encouraged the formation of the Organization of African Unity (OAU). He might have remained a teacher for the rest of his life had southern politicians such as the flamboyant intellectual Nnamdi Azikiwe not pushed for Nigerian independence. While in office Balewa worked to develop Nigeria’s transport systems by helping to build ports, river transport systems and railways. Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was born in late 1912 in Tafawa Balewa, North East State, (Bauchi) Nigeria. On January 15, 1966 he was kidnapped from his official residence by armed soldiers who were executing Nigeria’s first military coup. He was a “cool figure” who preoccupied himself with integration of Nigeria’s over 250 ethnic groups as before and during his tenure. Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was born October 1st, in the year 1912, he hails from a northern state, Bauchi precisely – one of the largest states in this country. Balewa's father, Yakubu Dan Zala, was of Gere ethnicity, and his mother Fatima Inna was of Gere and Fulani descent. According to history, he was born in the village called Tafawa Balewa which was then attached to his name been his place of birth. Karfe 11am zamu kawo muku tarihin rayuwar sa kai tsaye daga fitattun masana tarihi a nan cikin garin Bauchi. He lost and sacrificed his life to cement our today and tomorrow. He is a father of politics in Nigeria, I must attest to that and the contributions he received from Late. It was one of these crises, the Western Region elections of 1965, which led to chaos in the Western Region and was the immediate cause of the downfall of Tafawa Balewa's government. Born December, 1912, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was assassinated at the age of 53 on January 15, 1966 in Lagos State. Abubakar said this as part of his speech in 1966 after taking over power. The first Prime Minister was from Bauchi State. Global Issues. Balewa’s father, Yakubu Dan Zala, was of Gere ethnicity, and his mother Fatima Inna was half Gere, half Fulani. As a teacher and a political gladiator he left a legacy worth appreciating, but it seems the labour of our heroes has been forgotten. It is apparent that Abubakar’s quest for togetherness has become a thing of concern as calls for separation sound more louder. Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, KBE (December 1912 – 15 January 1966) was a Nigerian politician, and the first prime minister of an independent Nigeria. After attending Katsina Teacher Training College (1928-1933), he was a teacher and later headmaster of the Bauchi Middle School. Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa KBE, An haifi Tafawa Balewa a garin Tafawa Balewa dake jihar Bauchi a Arewa maso Gabashin Najeriya a shekara ta 1912.. Yayi karatu a makarantar horas da malamai ta Katsina daga (1928 zuwa 1933), sannan ya zamo malami, kuma shugaban makarantar Bauchi Middle School.. Yayi karatu a makarantar horas da malamai ta London daga (1945 zuwa 1946), inda ya samu … Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was the first Prime Minister of Nigeria who was named in 1957 by the British government in preparation for Nigeria’s Independence. Abubakar was born in 1912, in a village called Tafawa Balewa (Bauchi State), during the intense rule of colonial masters in Nigeria. 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