From picking locks to making fly swatters, orangutans are pretty darn smart: Related Videos. Lu Gao shares some amazing facts about these incredibly intelligent great apes from Asia. Humans have always been fascinated by species that demonstrate intelligence. Lu Gao shares some amazing facts about these incredibly intelligent great apes from Asia. One captive orangutan was taught how to chip a stone hand-axe. Orangutans (genus Pongo) are great apes native to Indonesia and Malaysia.They are found in the rainforests of Borneo and Sumatra, but during the Pleistocene they ranged throughout Southeast Asia and South China.Classified in the genus Pongo, orangutans were originally considered to be one species.From 1996, they were divided into two species: the Bornean orangutan (P. pygmaeus, with … Answer to: How smart are orangutans? Chimpanzees can count and add numbers. So how smart is an orangutan? Why do you think thi... 3 bizarre (and delightful) ancient theories about bird migration. Take this latest example: last month a wild orangutan on an island in Borneo was photographed using a spear of sorts in an attempt to catch fish in a river. But it’s not just their striking red hair that makes orangutans unique among our great ape cousins. Along with humans, orangutans belong to the Hominidae family tree, which stretches back 14 million years. They are often part of behavioral studies because they are considered one of the smartest mammals in the world. Then again, maybe we really don’t want to know what they know… How Smart are Orangutans? Your name and responses will be shared with TED Ed. In captivity, they are excellent tool-users and versatile tool-makers. Bornean orangutans have darker hair, wider faces, are slightly larger, and are more likely to move on the ground than Sumatran orangutans. Of all primates, humans have the heaviest brain by far, averaging 1,250 g. Second comes the gorilla with a brain weight of approximately 500 g. Making Is and Bento Work for Their … It's so Great to see how they are given back to the Forrest to live whenever possible. Does great ape sociality have anything to do with it? are they smarter than Gorillas or less smart than Gorillas? They, like people, aren’t always born with the answers—but these creatures are sensational learners. There are two main types of orangutan; the Sumatran and the Bornean and they are both from Asia. They use tools in their everyday lives to live more efficiently. In fact, they are susceptible to human diseases like tuberculosis and hepatitis B, and also are candidates for cardiovascular disease in their later years. They are smarter than some other primates - in fact one of the smarter species of primate. not just their striking red hair that makes orangutans unique among our great ape cousins. TED-Ed Animations feature the words and ideas of educators brought to life by professional animators. Video is suitable for 6th - 12th Grade. Researchers at Camp Leakey have reported that they have witnessed orangutans learn to wash clothing, bathe themselves, use hammers, brush their teeth, and even use damp rags to cool themselves—all of this learned by watching, without instruction. Desilets has described the three great apes as such: “If you give a chimpanzee a screwdriver, he’ll break it; if you give a gorilla a screwdriver, he’ll toss it over his shoulder; but if you give an orangutan a screwdriver, he’ll open up his cage and walk away.”. Tasikoki has 2 resident orangutans, Bento and Is, and they are a full time job on their own. There are two listening comprehension exercises (gap-fill and True/False) and a vocabulary exercise (crossword puzzle). They have to be challenged on a daily basis and kept active, so they don’t get bored in their enclosure. Making Is and Bento Work for Their … Want to know new findings in Zoology? Orangutans share 97% similar DNA with humans, and their name means “person of the forest” in Malay. They have to be challenged on a daily basis and kept active, so they don’t get bored in their enclosure. How intelligent are Gorillas? Orangutans are among the few animal species with a sense of self. On paper, about as smart as a three-to-four-year-old child. Yet just how smart and inventive they can be continues to surprise us. Lets see what make Orangutans so special! You cannot help but to smile as the ape throws a treat back to it's new friend! Sumatran orangutans have been documented to be more gregarious and possibly more social than Bornean orangutans. Here’s a popular video making the web rounds right now: An orangutan laughs at a magic trick: This orangutan may have been fooled by this trick, but the facts are, orangutans are no fools. They have to be challenged on a daily basis and kept active, so they don’t get bored in their enclosure. Along with humans, orangutans belong to the We’ve long known that. Do we have to mention how smart this Orangutan is? Tasikoki has 2 resident orangutans, Bento and Is, and they are a full time job on their own. Tool Usage Of Orangutans. Who knew that apes such as this one could make such good friends? But orangutan intelligence goes far beyond jungle survival. Discover video-based lessons organized by age/subject, 30 Quests to celebrate, explore and connect with nature, Discover articles and updates from TED-Ed, Students can create talks on their own, in class or at home, Learn how educators in your community can give their own TED-style talks, Nominate educators or animators to work with TED-Ed, Donate to support TED-Ed’s non-profit mission. Origin of the family stretches back 14 million years. Happy International Orangutan Day! Only students who are 13 years of age or older can save work on TED-Ed Lessons. Are you an educator or animator interested in creating a TED-Ed Animation? Making Is and Bento Work for Their Food. Measuring intelligence is really subjective: Remember that guy who cut you off in traffic for no apparent reason? Much like humans, orangutans learn by watching. They use a variety of sophisticated tools and construct elaborate sleeping nests each night from branches and foliage. Click Register if you need to create a free TED-Ed account. So how smart is an orangutan? Despite their differences, both orangutan species are threatened with extinction. Orangutans live on two different large islands, Borneo and Sumatra. The population of Sumatran Orangutans is rather fractured with only one population remaining with a population of 1,000 animals sharing borders and habitat which is known as the Leuser Ecosystem, which follows the border between the Aceh and North Sumatra provinces. Orangutans belong to the Hominidae family tree, like humans. In lab experiments, scientists have found that, when given a choice between tools, orangutans and chimpanzees chose the correct tool to get a reward an hour later. Sumatran orangutans are known to form closer social bonds than their Bornean sister species. Then again, maybe we really don’t want to know what they know…. Lu Gao shares some amazing facts about these incredibly intelligent great apes from Asia. Orangutans are so Smart, that it seems Sad, when a Mother abandons her little one. Sumatran orangutans also use tools, have longer birth intervals, with … At only nine months of age, he was already signing words and thoughts like “gimme-drink” and food-eat;” at nine months most human babies aren’t saying anything. One of the most important reasons to even have intelligence is to get something out of it, or to get out of potentially problematic situations—and orangutans do this well. Features of an Orangutang Educate Yourself - Orangutangs have orange- reddish hair - They're 7 times stronger than a human - Some orangutans have throat sacs which make their voices project louder and farther Orangutangs aren't the only animals at risk Cincinnati Zoo • How smart are orangutans? Along with humans, orangutans belong to the Hominidae family tree, which stretches back 14 million years. ← How smart are orangutans? But it’s not just their striking red hair that makes orangutans unique among our great ape cousins. Aside from the fact that in the wild orangutan moms actually teach their offspring things (like nest building and foods not to eat), they can also watch people and learn how to accomplish such tasks as sawing wood, applying insect repellent, use soap, and adopt language (like miming or sign language—orangutans don’t have the physical ability to speak like we do). out of all the Apes, but where does the intelligence of an Orangutan rank? Even Vitaly himself seems like he is really surprised by the response! However, one reason that orangutan intelligence is so well-respected is their use of insight. Plus you'll find some surprising information about how smart orangutans are, and the ways they communicate and socialize with each other. by Josin Tharian October 10, 2016, 6:02 am 1.7k Views. The question is why are they so smart. Like humans, orangutans… Continue Reading. They have to be challenged on a daily basis and kept active, so they don’t get bored in their enclosure. They are of orange/red colour with thing long hair and often possess the look of a smart being, which they indeed are. On paper, about as smart as a three-to-four-year-old child. Efforts to measure the intelligence of apes -- our closest living relatives -- have shown them to have remarkable thinking abilities. Once they finally venture out on their own, orangutans continue to develop their resourcefulness, putting the … Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Reading the list of what those hairy apes can learn might make you feel like not-such-a-great ape. Tasikoki has 2 resident orangutans, Bento and Is, and they are a full time job on their own. A Malay word for “person of the forest”, the Sumatran Orangutans are one of mans closest relatives on the planet, and around the size of a large human child being. Orangutans have been featured in literature and art since at least the 18th century, particularly in works which comment … By the age of four, Chantek was improvising words when he couldn’t find or didn’t know the right one. This video was also made on the basis of these guidelines. This is absolutely amazing! Research in controlled environments has shown that orangutans are self-aware, being one of … FREE Interactive Orangutans Quiz Orangutan Quiz Orang Utan fun trivia quiz QuizMoz Orangutan Quiz Worksheet Here is a worksheet based on the animated TED Ed video about how smart orangutans are. Research in controlled environments has shown that orangutans are self - aware , being one of the few species to recognize their own reflections . Much like ourselves, young orangutans involuntarily mimic the facial expressions and emotions of their playmates, with behaviors that closely parallel human smiling and laughter. One of the most famous orangutans was Chantek, who was rejected by his mother as a baby and raised like a human child. Along with humans, orangutans belong to the Hominidae family tree, which stretches back 14 million years. Orangutan Intelligence. It is thought, therefore, that they consist of two different species. Only students who are 13 years of age or older can create a TED-Ed account. If you’ve ever watched the orangutan in action, you might sense these primates are not just zoo animals—and you’re right, as they share almost 97 percent of the same genetic material as humans. Want a daily email of lesson plans that span all subjects and age groups? There may be distinctive cultures within populations. How smart are orangutans? Lets see what make Orangutans so special! But it’s In the wild orangutans would spend about 70-80% of their time searching for food. If you have already logged into ted.com click Log In to verify your authentication. How smart are Orangutans? Hominidae family tree, which stretches back 14 million years. Established in 1971, the camp is in Borneo, one of two native habitats of orangutans (the other being Sumatra). They are also very smart: they perform as well as chimpanzees and gorillas in tests of cognitive ability. A study of orangutans by Carel van Schaik, a Dutch primatologist at Duke University, found them capable of tasks well beyond chimpanzees’ abilities — such as using leaves to make rain hats and leak proof roofs over their sleeping nests. Thanks for another Educational, as well as thought provoking Hub. In the wild orangutans would spend about 70-80% of their time searching for food. Teachers, save “ATW Indonesia - How smart are orangutans?” to assign it to your class. Orangutans also use a variety of tools to make their lives in the jungle easier. Gorillas, for example, are able to communicate with sign language. Chantek had not only learned the power of a word—that people were quick to give in for a bathroom break—but had also learned how to lie. This How Smart Are Orangutans? By signing up, you'll get thousands of step-by-step solutions to your homework questions. Origin of the family stretches back 14 million years. That guy running for President…. Research in controlled environments has shown that orangutans are self-aware, being one of the few species to recognize their own reflections . It was there that the orangutan was deemed an adept problem solver—as Michelle Desilets, Executive Director of the Orangutan Land Trust has explained in several interviews, when it comes to great apes the chimp is impatient and gorillas are unmotivated but orangutans will take their time to figure out a problem. Orangutans belong to the Hominidae family tree, like humans. They recognize themselves in mirrors. As they grow up, orangutans also develop a complex set of cooperative social skills by interacting with their peers and siblings. Create and share a new lesson based on this one. This video really does show how smart Orangutans can really be! But it’s not just their striking red hair that makes orangutans unique among our great ape cousins. Nominate yourself here ». Orangutans are among the smartest creatures on Earth. They turn branches into fly swatters and back scratchers, construct umbrellas when it rains, make gloves from leafy pads, and even use leaves as bandages to dress their wounds. Orangutans are among the most intelligent primates. The apes' learning abilities have been studied extensively. Start studying Ted Ed 4 - How smart are orangutans?. More They also display remarkable foresight , planning , and cognition . To track your work across TED-Ed over time, Register or Login instead. Orangutans are gentle and sit for hours gazing. Newsletter. But orangutan intelligence goes far beyond jungle survival. ----- Our mission is informing people correctly. Sumatran Orangutans are only found throughout the northern parts of the island of Sumatra, Indonesia. B/W copy and Answer Key provided. Like other high primates (chimpanzees, gorillas, you), orangutans use tools. The experiences of the researchers at Camp Leakey also helps flesh out the orangutan intelligence profile. He didn’t know “catsup,” but would ask for “tomato-toothpaste,” or called a Big Mac a “cheese-meat-bread.” He would also sign the word “dirty” when he needed to use the bathroom—but it was soon discovered he was often going into the bathroom to get out of doing other things. These apes are very smart with a thinking process that is comparable to the rest of the ape species. Making Is and Bento Work for Their Food. Lu Gao shares some amazing facts about these incredibly intelligent great apes from Asia. Thanks goodness for all the Wonderful, caring help at the Orphanages. That person who left the water running in the apartment above yours? The male ape did this by hanging over the water from a tree branch and stabbing a long pole … Just how smart are they. The IUCN Red List classifies both orangutan species as critically endangered. Tasikoki has 2 resident orangutans, Bento and Is, and they are a full time job on their own. 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