A narrow pass on the East-central coast of Greece adjacent to the Maliakos Gulf, northwest of Athens. His special interests include pottery, architecture, world mythology and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share in common. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Our mission is to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. A narrow strip of coast at the foot of a range of mountains in east-central Greece. Although the Persians had enjoyed the upper hand in previous contests during the recent Ionian revolt, the terrain at Thermopylae would better suit Greek warfare. The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. Meanwhile, the Immortals now entered the fray behind the Greeks who retreated to a high mound behind the Phokian wall. It was the civilization of Greece, from the archaic period of the 8th/6th centuries BC to 146 BC. It was the site of the Battle of Thermopylae, at which the Spartan King Leonidas stood off, for a … Its name is derived from its hot sulphur springs. In ancient times it was used as an entrance into Greece from the north. Olympos, but these withdrew when the massive size of the invading army was revealed. After a series of political negotiations it became clear that the Persians would not gain victory through diplomacy and the two armies met at Plataea in August 479 BCE. As Herodotus claims in his account of the battle in book VII of The Histories, the Oracle at Delphi had been proved right when she proclaimed that either Sparta or one of her kings must fall. Battle of Thermopylae. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. In ancient times it was used as an entrance into Greece from the north. (January 13, 2021). Warfare & Battles in Ancient Greece. Leonidas moved his troops to the widest part of the pass to utilise all of his men at once, and in the ensuing clash the Spartan king was killed. In 480 BC,Xerxes I ,son of Darius I of the Achaemenid Persian . The Battle of Thermopylae was an attack on Greece that arose as a result of Athens involvement in the Ionian revolt. The Greek tactic of feigning a disorganised retreat and then turning on the enemy in the phalanx formation also worked well, lessening the threat from Persian arrows and perhaps the hoplites surprised the Persians with their disciplined mobility, a benefit of being a professionally trained army. The relatively small size of the defending force has been explained as a reluctance by some Greek city-states to commit troops so far north, and/or due to religious motives, for it was the period of the sacred games at Olympia and the most important Spartan religious festival, the Karneia, and no fighting was permitted during these events. Books Thermopylae means "hot gates" in Greek and the name is related with its hot sulphur springs. Thermopylae - Battle Of Thermopylae: ایک جنگ: (noun) a famous battle in 480 BC; a Greek army under Leonidas was annihilated by the Persians who were trying to conquer Greece.. Pitched Battle - a fierce battle fought in close combat between troops in predetermined positions at a chosen time and place. The Greeks, though, were far from finished, and despite many states now turning over to the Persians and Athens itself being sacked, a Greek army led by Leonidas’ brother Kleombrotos began to build a defensive wall near Corinth. . The Greeks would amass over 300 triremes and perhaps their main purpose was to prevent the Persian fleet sailing down the inland coast of Lokris and Boeotia. ." (January 13, 2021). Thermopylae. Encyclopedia.com. Thermopylae in American English ( θərˈmɑpəˌli ) in ancient Greece, a mountain pass in Locris, near an inlet of the Aegean Sea: scene of a battle (480 b .c. ) Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. The Persian invasion was a delayed response to the defeat of the first Persian invasion of Greece, which had been ended by the Athenian victory at the Battle of Marathon in 490 BC. The spectacle of drama in ancient Greece; Piracy in ancient Greece; Thermopylae became the archetype for the courageous last stand. The Hot Gates is "the place of hot springs" and in Greek mythology it … Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. 13 Jan. 2021 . . The Greek forces included 300 Spartans and their helots with 2,120 Arcadians, 1,000 Lokrians, 1,000 Phokians, 700 Thespians, 400 Corinthians, 400 Thebans, 200 men from Phleious, and 80 Mycenaeans. Thermopylae thərmŏp´ĭlē [Gr.,=hot gates, from hot mineral springs nearby], pass, E central Greece, SE of Lamía, between the cliffs of Mt. Whatever the exact motives, in 491 BCE Darius sent envoys to call for the Greeks’ submission to Persian rule. Be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list information is unavailable most... 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